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中級美國英語 - 第二十八課 間接引句(一)

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一.本課要點及示例

在這一課里, 我們學習間接引句的用法, 比方: "他說他不來." He said that he was not coming. 等等.

現在我們來聽今天這一課里的對話, 內容是說凱特在學校里跟同事, 也就是教 體育的比爾, 談到了一個學生缺課的事情. 請你注意聽兩位英文老師的發音和 語調.

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

現在我們再聽英文老師把對話慢慢兒地念一遍.

M: Is everyone here today?

F: No, Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: That's strange. We're choosing teams today. He asked if he could be a captain. It's really too bad that he is not here.

F: He and his father came to see me early this morning. His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today. He said that they were going on a trip.

M: How long will Jimmy be out of school?

F: His father didn't say, but he did give the reason for the trip.

M: What is that?

F: Jimmy's grandmother died.

下面我請英文老師把對話里的間接引句再念一遍.

M: He asked if he could be a captain.

F: His father asked if Jimmy could be excused today.

F: He said that they were going on a trip.

二.間接引句

第一組練習是由凱特或是比爾說一句話, 比方凱特說: Jimmy Taylor is absent.

接著學生就用間接引句說: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent. 請你注意 在引述別人的話的時候應該把話里的現在時態動詞改成過去時態. 現在我們 開始作練習, 學生作句子的時候請你也一起作.

F: Jimmy Taylor is absent.

M: Kate said that Jimmy Taylor was absent.

F: Jimmy is excused from school.

M: Kate said that Jimmy was excused from school.

F: Jimmy's grandmother is dead.

M: Kate said that Jimmy's grandmother was dead.

下面學生引述比爾說的話, 還是請你跟著作練習.

M: It is strange that Jimmy is absent.

F: Bill said that it was strange that Jimmy was absent.

M: The school is choosing teams.

F: Bill said that the school was choosing teams.

M: Jimmy wants to be a captain.

F: Bill said that Jimmy wanted to be a captain.

M: It is too bad that Jimmy is not in school.

F: Bill said that it was too bad that Jimmy was not in school.

下面一組練習是由凱特自我介紹, 說明她是小學三年級教員, 并且敘述她的日 常工作, 比方她教什么課程, 她預備教材, 跟學生和學生家長開會等等. 練習 的作法是凱特說一句話, 比方: "我教算術." I teach arithmetic. 聽了之后, 你就 引述凱特的話說:"凱特告訴我她教算術."Kate told me that she taught arithmetic.

請你注意在引述別人的話的時候不但要把現在時態動詞改為過去時態, 并且 要把話里的主詞從 "我" 改成 "她". 現在我們開始作練習, 每作完一句, 老師會 念出正確答案讓你作個比較.

F: I am an elementary school teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was an elementary school teacher.

F: I am a third grade teacher.

M: Kate told me that she was a third grade teacher.

F: I teach arithmetic.

M: Kate told me that she taught arithmetic.

F: I introduce other subjects as well.

M: Kate told me that she introduced other subjects as well.

F: All my students are eight or nine years old.

M: Kate told me that all her students were eight or nine years old.

F: I prepare for my classes.

M: Kate told me that she prepared for her classes.

F: I have conferences with my students quite often.

M: Kate told me that she had conferences with her students quite often.

F: Sometimes I talk to my students' parents.

M: Kate told me that sometimes she talked to her students' parents.

下面一組練習是要請你引述比爾說的話. 練習的作法跟剛才大同小異, 這次是 由比爾自我介紹, 說明他能作什么, 愿意為學生作什么等等, 比方比爾告訴你

說: "我能教體育." I can teach physical training. 你聽了之后就說: "比爾告訴我 他能教體育. "Bill told me that he could teach physical training. 請你注意在引述 比爾的話的時候必須把助動詞 can 跟 will 改成 could 跟 would. 現在我們開始 作練習. 每作一句就聽老師念正確答案.

M: I can teach physical training.

F: Bill told me that he could teach physical training.

M: I will teach my students how to play tennis.

F: Bill told me that he would teach his students how to play tennis.

M: I will play volleyball with my students.

F: Bill told me that he would play volleyball with his students.

M: I will take my students swimming.

F: Bill told me that he would take his students swimming.

M: I can teach my classes outdoors.

F: Bill told me that he could teach his classes outdoors.

M: I can enjoy sunshine when I am teaching.

F: Bill told me that he could enjoy sunshine when he was teaching.

M: I will help my students.

F: Bill told me that he would help his students.

M: I can make my students healthy.

F: Bill told me that he could make his students healthy.

剛才我們引述的句子都是陳述句, 下面我們學習怎么引述問句. 比方比爾問凱

特: Is Jimmy coming to school? 引述這句話的時候就應該這么說: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school. 請注意引述問句的時候必須用if, i-f, if 連接 前后兩句話, 并且必須把問句改為陳述句. 現在我們作一組練習, 學學這種說 法. 練習的內容都是關于比爾問凱特吉米來不來上課的事情. 每作完一個句子 就聽老師念正確答案.

M: Is Jimmy coming to school?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was coming to school.

M: Is Jimmy absent?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was absent.

M: Is Jimmy excused from class?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was excused from class.

M: Is Jimmy taking a trip?

F: Bill asked Kate if Jimmy was taking a trip.

下面請你引述凱特問比爾的話,內容都是說到吉米能夠不能夠參加校隊去比賽 的事情. 請你還是跟剛才一樣作練習.

F: Can Jimmy still be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still be a captain.

F: Will Jimmy be chosen to be a captain?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would be chosen to be a captain.

F: Can Jimmy still play in the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy could still play in the game.

F: Will Jimmy make it to the game?

M: Kate asked Bill if Jimmy would make it to the game.

剛才我們學習了怎么引述問句, 現在我們繼續學習. 在引述問句的時候除了用 if 連接兩句話以外, 也可以用whether, w-h-e-t-h-e-r, whether 來代替. 現在我們作 一組練習,學學這種說法. 練習的作法是比爾問凱特一些有關她的工作的問題, 凱特就用間接引句引述比爾提出的問題:比方比爾問凱特:"你有黑人學生嗎?" Do you have black students? 凱特就說: "比爾問我, 我有沒有黑人學生." Bill asked me whether I had black students. 比方, 比爾又問凱特: "你有其他少數民 族學生嗎?" Do you have other minority students? 凱特就說: "比爾問我: 我有沒 有其他少數民族學生."Bill asked me whether I had other minority students. 除了 這兩個問題以外, 比爾還問凱特是不是跟學生一起吃中飯, 是不是看著學生好 好的吃飯, 教不教學生養成良好學習習慣等等. 現在我們開始作練習. 請你注 意聽比爾問問題, 并且替凱特引述比爾的話. 每作完一個句子. 凱特會念出正 確答案讓你作個比較, 看你作對了沒有.

M: Do you give your students a lot of homework?

F: Bill asked me whether I gave my students a lot of homework.

M: Do you meet with your students' parents?

F: Bill asked me whether I met with my students' parents.

M: Do you eat lunch with your students?

F: Bill asked me whether I ate lunch with my students.

M: Do you make sure that your students eat well?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students ate well.

M: Do you make sure that your students drink milk?

F: Bill asked me whether I made sure that my students drank milk.

M: Do you teach reading,writing and arithmetic?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught reading, writing and arithmetic.

M: Do you have black students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had black students.

M: Do you have other minority students?

F: Bill asked me whether I had other minority students.

M: Do you teach your students to have good study habits?

F: Bill asked me whether I taught my students to have good study habits.

三.聽短文回答問題

現在我們來作今天這一課的聽力測驗. 今天我們要聽的文章是介紹凱特的工 作. 文章里提到她每天幾點上下班, 在學校里作些什么事情. 文章里許多詞匯 都是我們已經學習過的.

現在請你注意聽老師念這篇文章, 等一會兒我們要問你幾個問題.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting.

Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school.

At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon.

She has a long day.

等一會兒我們再請英文老師用慢速度把整篇文章念一遍. 現在我們先來聽今 天測驗的三個問題.

第一個問題是:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

第二個問題是:

M: What does Kate do in school?

第三個問題是:

M: What hours does Kate work?

現在英文老師用慢速度把文章再念一遍給你聽.

Kate is an elementary school teacher. She has a third grade class this year, with children who are eight or nine years old. She has white students, black students and students of other minorities. She teaches reading, writing and arithmetic. Other teachers teach music and physical training. Kate uses reading to introduce history and other subjects to her students. She gives them a lot of work, but she tries to teach them good study habits. She also makes her lessons interesting.

Kate usually gets to school at 7:30 in the morning, an hour before classes begin. She uses the extra time to prepare for her classes. Sometimes students and their parents come to school early for conferences with Kate. This is one of the few occasions when Kate can meet with her students' parents, because most of them work when their children are in school.

At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon.

She has a long day.

剛才那篇文章希望你都聽懂了. 現在請你回答剛才老師念過的三個問題, 你回 答之后老師會念出正確答案讓你作個比較.

第一個問題是:

M: What are some of the subjects taught in elementary school?

F: Reading, writing, arithmetic, history, music and physical training are taught in elementary school.

第二個問題是:

M: What does Kate do in school?

F: She prepares for her classes, teaches, has conferences with students, eats lunch with students and corrects students' homework.

第三個問題是:

M: What hours does Kate work?

F: She works from 7:30 in the morning to 4:30 in the afternoon.

網友的學習評論(13條):
作者:abbey
it's excellent
作者:David
OK
作者:bluesfeng
nominate,minority,mandarin
作者:Ada.jiang
My father is an elementary school teacher.he has a first grade class this year,with children who are six or seven years old. he has 20 students. he teachers chinese,arithmetic, music and physical traning.he gives them a little homwork, but he tries to teach them good study habits.
作者:see you
Developing good study habits is the key in learning English.
作者:Ada.jiang
my husband told me that he would business trip at after today.
作者:Maggie
My husband told me that he would (on a ) business trip after the day.我覺得這樣才對。供參考
作者:Maggie
minority沒聽出來,arithmetic不懂意思,沒寫出來。habits他們讀得像havens,我以為是behaior他們少讀了be.
作者:Maggie
behavior
作者:Ada.jiang
'absent, strange, elementary, arithmetic, ninority,extra,occasion.'
作者:Maggie
came to see me聽成came to syney
作者:Maggie
隔了幾個月,還是把came to see me聽成去悉尼。habits也是聽了好久才聽出來
作者:naturaltime
At lunch time Kate usually eats with her students. She wants to make sure that they eat well and drink their milk. After class, Kate corrects the students' homework and prepares for the next day. She usually doesn't get away from the school until nearly 4:30 in the afternoon.
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